Oranda Goldfish: A Comprehensive Guide to Care, Varieties, Lifespan, and More [With FAQs]

Oranda goldfish, with their splendid appearance and alluring charm, have won the admiration of fish enthusiasts all over the world. Their unique wen, flowing fins, and striking hues position them as a prized species within the diverse goldfish community.

In this guide, we’ll explore the enchanting world of Oranda goldfish, providing essential care tips to ensure these magnificent fish flourish in your aquarium.

*Disclaimer: This article is designed to offer general guidance and should not replace professional advice from a vet. Always consult a vet for personalised care and health management for your Oranda goldfish.

Oranda Goldfish Quick Care

Care levelModerate
TemperamentFriendly and serene
Colour formOrange, calico, red, bronze, blue, black, yellow, variegated
Lifespan15–25 years
Size20–30 cm (adult)
DietCommercial flakes or pellets, supplemented with krill or brine shrimp
Minimum tank size75 litres or more
Tank set-upAquarium or pond kept at cooler temperatures with plenty of live plants
CompatibilitySociable with other coldwater fish

Fun fact!
Starting with a 30-gallon (around 114 litres) tank might work for younger Orandas, but it will only be a temporary fix. These magnificent fishes can reach a length of 20-31 cm as adults, necessitating a more spacious home over time. Plus, Orandas are known for their hearty appetites and, subsequently, their considerable waste production, which can challenge the water quality in confined spaces.

For the health and happiness of your Oranda goldfish, opting for a larger tank is always the wise choice.

Key Physical Traits of Oranda Goldfish

Oranda Goldfish swimming in an aquarium

Diving into the hallmark traits of Oranda goldfish, these enchanting creatures distinguish themselves with a blend of elegance and unique physical characteristics. The Oranda features a prominent dorsal fin with a subtly pointed tip. Its tail fin, or caudal fin, creates a dramatic effect, extending up to three-quarters of the fish’s body length. This fin’s silky texture further enhances the Oranda’s elegant appearance.

Additionally, Orandas feature two smaller sets of fins beneath their body, one set positioned near the head and another towards the tail, enhancing their graceful movement through the water.

The defining feature of the Oranda, however, is its distinctive wen or hood. This captivating growth, reminiscent of a dimpled berry, may vary in colour, often presenting a contrast to the fish’s main body hue. It’s a trait that matures with the fish, usually reaching its full glory when the Oranda is around two years old.

Oranda Goldfish Colours

Orandas parade a kaleidoscope of colours, from solid hues to bi- or tri-coloured patterns, each shimmering with a metallic sheen that changes with the light. Among the myriad of colours, the calico and variegated varieties stand out, showcasing the breathtaking diversity achieved through selective breeding.

Oranda goldfish deviate from the conventional goldfish silhouette with their egg-shaped bodies and sizable bellies. Their fin structure is particularly unique; aside from the dorsal fin, all others are paired, aiding in their navigational grace despite not being the most robust swimmers. The caudal fin, notably expansive and quadruple-pointed, unfurls like a fan, making a striking visual statement when the fish is at rest.

The wen, or crown, atop their heads, is the Oranda’s signature, developing as the fish ages, with a texture akin to a rough cap. It can grow to cover the fish’s head and face in some cases, marking a distinct aesthetic.

Orandas come in various captivating colours, including the darkly elegant Black Oranda, the vibrantly hued Blue Oranda, and the striking Red Cap Oranda, known for its contrasting white body and vivid red wen. These colour variations contribute to the Oranda’s status as a cherished gem in aquariums, offering a palette of choice for enthusiasts seeking to add a touch of majesty to their aquatic collections.

Common Personality Traits of Oranda Goldfish

Oranda goldfish are not only admired for their stunning appearance but also cherished for their distinctive personalities. These aquatic beauties possess a combination of characteristics that make them as fascinating and endearing as any pet could be.


Oranda can be considered a social goldfish breed. They are content when alone but truly thrive in the presence of their own kind or small groups. Their social nature is complemented by their ability to recognise and react to their caregivers, showcasing a level of interaction that deepens the bond between fish and owner. 

Fun fact!
Though it may not be evident in the traditional sense, Orandas exhibit a form of affection towards their owners. They might not cuddle or nuzzle like furry pets, but their eagerness to greet and interact with you, coupled with their tranquil presence, brings a unique form of companionship and serene joy to your home.


Orandas are also quite intelligent fishes. They quickly learn to identify their food source, often pausing their activities to acknowledge your presence. This keen perception, mirroring the behaviour of their carp ancestors, highlights their ability to adapt and interact within their environment.


Orandas show remarkable adaptability to their surroundings. They flourish in a well-maintained tank or pond, demonstrating resilience and a capacity to adjust to various living conditions. Their adaptable nature ensures they remain a joy to care for, capable of thriving in a loving, attentive home.

Buying an Oranda Goldfish in Singapore

Group of Oranda Goldfish in an aquarium

Oranda goldfish are widely available across numerous fish shops, fish farms, and aquariums throughout Singapore. For convenience and a guaranteed quality selection, you can also explore the offerings at Pet Lovers Centre retail shops, where the variety and health of the goldfish are assured.

How Much Does an Oranda Goldfish Cost?

The price of an Oranda goldfish in Singapore can vary significantly depending on its colour and variation. Prices start from a modest $3.50 for simpler varieties, climbing to as much as $188 for rare, calico-patterned specimens. This range reflects the diverse beauty and uniqueness of each Oranda goldfish.

Estimated Initial Costs

Before bringing your Oranda goldfish home, it’s essential to prepare with the necessary equipment to ensure a welcoming and healthy environment for your new pet. Here’s an overview of the initial costs you might encounter:

  • Fish tank accessories: $15 – $80
  • Filter: $30 – $50
  • Heater and thermometer: $15 – $70
  • Lighting and hoods: $30 – $50
  • Aquarium decorations: $10 – $35
  • Live plants: $10 – $30

These estimated costs highlight the investment needed to create a suitable habitat for your Oranda goldfish, ensuring they thrive and bring joy to your home.

Estimated Recurring Costs

Maintaining the health and well-being of your Oranda goldfish also involves regular investment in their care. Beyond the initial setup, here are the annual recurring costs to consider:

  • Fish food: Ensuring your Oranda goldfish receives proper nutrition is paramount. Annually, you may spend between $50 – $150 on high-quality fish food designed to meet their specific dietary needs. 
  • Medication: Just like any pet, Oranda goldfish may occasionally need medical treatment for common ailments. Setting aside $15 – $20 each year for medication can help you manage these situations promptly, ensuring your fish stays healthy.
  • Aquarium care and maintenance: To provide a clean and conducive living environment, consider getting water conditioners, test kits, and cleaning supplies. These will cost you about $30 – $40 annually.

Feeding Your Oranda Goldfish

Feeding your Oranda goldfish is rather simple due to their omnivorous diet. For optimal health, they should be fed twice daily, once in the morning and again in the evening, with a diet consisting of both dry flakes and pellets. To enhance their meals, incorporating fresh vegetables like spinach or lettuce is recommended, alongside high-protein treats such as brine shrimp, bloodworms, tubifex worms, and Daphnia for added nutrition. 

Providing a varied diet is essential for ensuring that your Oranda receives all the necessary nutrients, which in turn, contributes to their vibrant colouration and overall well-being. A well-rounded diet is the foundation of their health and vitality.

Meal times also present an excellent opportunity to observe your Oranda for any signs of unusual behaviour or health issues, as both underfeeding and overfeeding can lead to complications. Therefore, it’s crucial to monitor their eating habits closely and adjust food portions as necessary to avoid health problems.

Additional Feeding Tips

  • Remove uneaten food: It’s important to remove any uneaten food from the tank after feeding to prevent the degradation of water quality, which could potentially harm your Oranda.
  • Weekly fasting: Implementing a fasting day once a week is beneficial for your Oranda’s digestion and can help prevent issues such as bloating, contributing to a healthy gastrointestinal system.

Oranda Fish Tank Setup and Maintenance

Oranda Goldfish in an aquarium tank decoration

Creating the perfect habitat for Oranda goldfish in your aquarium requires attention to several key factors that not only ensure their health and growth but also mimic their natural living conditions as closely as possible.

Tank Size and Population

It’s crucial to strike a balance between the number of Oranda goldfish you wish to keep and the size of your aquarium. A useful guideline is to allocate about 24 square inches of tank area per inch of fish length, keeping in mind the full-grown size of your Orandas. As these fish grow to fit their environment, starting with at least a 75-litre (approximately 20-gallon) tank is advisable.

Orandas are coldwater fish and should ideally share their space with fish of similar temperature preferences, rather than tropical species.

Water Conditions

Orandas thrive in water that is around 7 pH, which is considered neutral. The base of the tank should have a couple of inches of gravel, serving both as a substrate and as an anchor for any live plants you introduce to the aquarium. These plants not only complement the Orandas’ diet but also provide them with hiding spots and a sense of security. Additionally, to ensure the health of the plants, and indirectly your fish, incorporating a UV light into your setup is beneficial for photosynthesis.


Given that goldfish are known for their messy habits, a robust filtration system is essential. A pump filter, capable of handling the biological load and keeping the tank’s water clean, is highly recommended. This will help maintain the delicate balance of water chemistry, making for a healthier living environment for your Orandas.

Frequency of Water Changes

Maintaining a consistent environment is paramount for the health of your Oranda goldfish. Sudden shifts in water chemistry or temperature can significantly stress them, elevating their risk of falling ill. To prevent this from happening, it’s best to perform regular water changes, but limit these to no more than a quarter of the tank’s volume. This practice helps manage ammonia and nitrite levels, keeping them within safe limits.

When adding water, ensure it matches the tank’s current temperature to prevent shocking your Oranda goldfish, which can cause stress or harm. Employing a syphon for cleaning is an effective method to remove waste and debris from the substrate, contributing to a cleaner and healthier habitat for your Orandas. 

FAQs About Oranda Goldfish

Oranda goldfish are notably resilient and can thrive in well-kept conditions. While their wen—the distinctive growth on their head—can sometimes be prone to injuries or infections, these issues can largely be avoided with regular tank maintenance and a clean living environment. Like any fish, Orandas may fall victim to various diseases, particularly if they become stressed or injured. However, maintaining a stable and clean tank environment minimises these risks, making Orandas a hardy choice for aquarium enthusiasts.

Oranda goldfish can indeed share their space with other fish, provided certain conditions are met. As coldwater fish, Orandas thrive in temperatures ranging from 15-21°C, which may not suit tropical fish like Betta Fish, that require warmer waters. When considering tank mates, it's essential to match their environmental needs, ensuring harmonious cohabitation in your aquarium.

While tap water is a convenient option, it requires treatment to make it safe for your Oranda goldfish. A quality water conditioner is necessary to neutralise harmful chemicals such as chlorine and chloramines found in tap water.


  • Wai Ling


    Foodie at heart and (almost) always with a camera in hand. When she's not busy with work, you'll find her munching around Singapore or snapping pics in some cool new spot.


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